Open Daily (except festive)0900 to 1700
So what is it about this Bujang Valley that makes itself being called as the “Ancient Wonder of Kedah”? Apart from the fact that this was where the ancient Hindu-Buddhist influence took place, Bujang Valley was the oldest centre of international and entrepot trade for Malaysia with artifacts founded as dated to more than 1500 years ago. Stretches from from Mount Jerai in the North to the Muda River in the South, this historical site is an extensive historical complex of approximately 224 square km.
It was believed that the presence of the Hindu-Buddhist kingdom in Bujang Valley dated as early as 110 CE. This era marked the beginning of the Indian political and cultural models, even earlier than those of Kutai in eastern Borneo.
Bujang Valley turned into a significant entrepot during the 7th century when there was strong development of trade activities in the Straits of Melaka between the Indians, Chinese and Arabs merchant. Prior to that, Bujang Valley was initially the trading point for the Malay marinesrs who trade for textiles and metals.
In the 1840’s when “Candi” (tomb temples) was discovered, many archeologists were attracted to carry out their research at this site, which is why this valley was called the paradise of archaeological. Basically a “Candi” consisted of three parts, namely, Prastara-Stupi (the roof), Adhistana-Stamba (the body), and Upapitha (the foot). It’s a holy place for the departed family members of the royal as well as a site where religious activities were being conducted at. The word “Candi” was said to have evolved from the name of Lord Siva's wife, “Chandika”.
Up till now, more than fifty ancient tomb temples (Candi) have been discovered and the most well preserved one being the Candi at the Pengkalan Bayang Merbok. This is also where the Bujang Valley Archeological Museum is located at. The museum which was Malaysia’s first archaeology museum constructed under the Museum and Antiquity Department and it was officially opened by His Royal Highness, The Sultan of Kedah in year 1980, 23rd January.
Interesting relic stone statues of Hindu deities including the Durga (the consort of Siva), Ganesha (the elephant faced deity), Lord Vishnu and others can be found here. Other than that, artifacts such as Buddhist inscriptions, celadon, porcelain, stoneware, metal tools, pottery, beads and Persian ceramics are all also being displayed in the museum. Do pay attention to the different “Candis” inside the museum; these artifacts are too valuable that they have been carefully maintained by the museum authorities.